50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology. Shattering Widespread by Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio, et al.John

By Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio, et al.John Wiley & Sons, Inc.|Wiley||Wiley-BlackwellAdult NonfictionPsychologyLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 21.01.2010Street date: 15.09.2011

50 nice Myths of renowned Psychology makes use of well known myths as a car for aiding scholars and laypersons to tell apart technological know-how from pseudoscience.

  • Uses universal myths as a automobile for exploring tips on how to distinguish actual from fictional claims in renowned psychology
  • Explores themes that readers will relate to, yet usually misunderstand, corresponding to 'opposites attract', 'people use purely 10% in their brains', and 'handwriting unearths your character'
  • Provides a 'mythbusting equipment' for comparing folks psychology claims in lifestyle
  • Teaches crucial severe considering abilities via particular discussions of every fable
  • Includes over two hundred extra mental myths for readers to explore
    Contains an Appendix of valuable sites for reading mental myths
  • Features a postscript of exceptional mental findings that sound like myths yet which are precise
  • Engaging and available writing type that appeals to scholars and lay readers alike

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Extra resources for 50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology. Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior

Example text

We’ll try to persuade you that there are 10 major ways in which we can all be fooled by plausible-sounding, but false, psychological claims. It’s essential to understand that we’re all vulnerable to these 10 sources of error, and that we’re all fooled by them from time to time. Learning to think scientifically requires us to become aware of these sources of error and learn to compensate for them. Good scientists are just as prone to these sources of error as the average person (Mahoney & DeMonbreun, 1977).

We can think of many or most psychological myths as cognitive illusions, because like visual illusions they can fool us. 2 Shepard’s tables. Are the two table tops the same or different? Source: Shepard (1990). Why Should We Care? Why is it important to know about psychological myths? There are at least three reasons: (1) Psychological myths can be harmful. For example, jurors who believe incorrectly that memory operates like a videotape may vote to convict a defendant on the basis of confidently held, but inaccurate, eyewitness testimony (see Myth #11).

The A cell is a “hit”—a striking co-occurrence. ” Nor are we likely to run excitedly to our friends and tell them, “Wow, there was a full moon tonight and guess what happened? ” The B cell is a “miss”— the absence of a striking co-occurrence. Our tendency to remember our hits and forget our misses often leads to a remarkable phenomenon called illusory correlation, the mistaken perception that two statistically unrelated events are actually related (Chapman & Chapman, 1967). The supposed relation between full moons and psychiatric hospital admissions is a stunning example of an illusory correlation.

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