A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre

By Stuart Macintyre

Australia is the final continent to be settled via Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of hundreds of thousands years outdated. for far of the previous 225 years the newbies have sought to switch the previous with the hot. This booklet tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and describes how they introduced expertise, associations and concepts to make it their very own. The fourth variation contains the far-reaching results of an export and funding increase within the early years of the twenty-first century that lifted Australia to unparalleled prosperity. The sale of minerals and effort enabled the financial system to resist the worldwide monetary trouble of 2007-08 yet there has been no contract on how the wealth used to be to be controlled and its merits allotted. The ebook describes a continual look for suggestions to weather switch, the unauthorised arrival of refugees, Indigenous drawback and generational switch.

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The carefully composed writings of these educated Englishmen stressed the complete subor­ dination of native women to their male companions, and recoiled in moral disapproval from incidents when Aboriginal men offered women to them. Sexual exchange between soldiers, convicts and Aboriginal women was common: the spread of venereal disease marked its occurrence. Yet lasting relationships were infrequent and misunderstandings of the nature of the transaction typically a cause of friction. Desire and affection were too often outweighed by shame and contempt for intermarriage to form a junction between the two peoples.

He had endeavoured to comply, offering gifts as a token of goodwill and punishing any of his party who molested the inhabitants. Even when he was himself speared, in 1 790, he forbade reprisals. Frustrated in his attempts to establish closer relations, he captured several Aboriginal men. The first, Arabanoo, died of the smallpox epidemic that swept the 32 A Concise History of Australia Aboriginal people of the region within a year of the European arrival. Another, Bennelong, escaped but returned to Sydney Cove following Phillip's inj ury to restore relations.

Feminist historians of the 1 9 70S took the mascu­ line preoccupation with the immorality of the female convicts as indicative of an oppressive patriarchy, yet subsequent champions of female achievement reconstructed their life stories to show them as exemplary mothers. Each of these schools of interpretation seeks to release the convicts from the shackles of prejudice, yet every attempt is caught inextricably in the tangle of language and imagery used to describe them. The convicts who arrived in the early years were mostly English; one-fifth were Irish and there was a sprinkling of Scots.

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