A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to by Elizabeth Endicott

By Elizabeth Endicott

An illustrated heritage of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this booklet examines the various demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over typical assets within the post-socialist unfastened industry period.

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Additional info for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present

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45 It is the country’s infrastructure— roads, factories for processing dairy, cashmere, wool products, and so on—that is at fault, not the products of the herders. Progress is being made, however, toward moving Mongolian livestock products into the world market. The plan to register all Mongolian livestock with the World Organization for Animal Health is the first step toward the eventual goal of selling meat on the world market. By 2012, 15–20 percent of Mongolia’s livestock is expected to be registered; by 2015, 40 percent; and by 2021, 80 percent.

The Mongolian countryside is littered with discarded automobile parts, tires, trash (especially near tourist ger camps), and windblown plastic bags that one encounters in even the most remote areas. In 2011, Ulaanbaatar and other urban areas in Mongolia inaugurated a ban on the sale of thin plastic bags that are commonly sold at supermarkets and other shops, following the precedent of China, which in 2008, banned stores from giving out plastic bags for free. The problem of garbage disposal is not necessarily just a modernday problem.

43 With all the regional diversity in Mongolia, it is, upon reflection, amazing that a tradition-based pastoral nomadic system of herding animals continues to be a successful venture throughout much of the country. The products of Mongolia’s livestock industry constitute roughly 30 percent of the nation’s gross national product, and about 40 percent of Mongolia’s workforce is involved in animal husbandry. The processing and marketing of the dairy, hide, wool, cashmere, and other products of Mongolia’s herds could certainly benefit from major increases in Mongolian governmental and international investment.

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