Adenosine in the Nervous System by Richard E. Stone (Auth.)

By Richard E. Stone (Auth.)

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Neurochem. Int. 6, 6 1 3 - 3 2 . J. P. (1982). Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 60, 3 0 2 - 7 . Young, J . D . M. (1983). Biosci. Rep. 3, 3 0 9 - 2 2 . , Dowdall, M . J . A. (1979). Neuroscience 4, 9 7 9 - 9 3 . , 1 9 8 0 ; V a n W y l e n et al, 1 9 8 6 ) . , 1 9 8 1 ) . , 1 9 7 9 ; F r e d h o l m a n d H e d q v i s t , 1 9 8 0 ; H o l l i n s a n d S t o n e , 1 9 8 0 ; F r e d h o l m a n d D u n w i d d i e , 1 9 8 8 ) . T h e s e effects of a d e n o s i n e m a y m o d u l a t e s y n a p t i c t r a n s m i s s i o n b o t h p r e s y n a p t i c a l l y a n d p o s t s y n a p t i c a l l y .

T h e use of q u i n a c r i n e h a s b e e n criticized as its b i n d i n g is non-specific (Phillis a n d W u , 1981 ). H o w e v e r , e v i d e n c e o t h e r t h a n q u i n a c r i n e s t a i n i n g h a s a c c u m u l a t e d for p u r i n e r g i c t r a n s m i s s i o n in t h e peripheral nervous system (Burnstock, 1986b). N o n - n e u r a l cells m a y also release p u r i n e s w h e n electrically s t i m u l a t e d . , 1988) a n d g u i n e a - p i g c e r e b r a l tissues is n e u r o n a l in o r i g i n ( P u l l a n d M c l l w a i n , 1 9 7 3 ) .

T h e possibility t h a t t h e r e m a i n d e r of t h e release w a s d u e t o i n c r e a s e d glycolysis w a s e x c l u d e d in o n e s t u d y o n l y ( P u l l a n d M c l l w a i n , 1 9 7 3 ) . I f n u c l e o t i d e s r a t h e r t h a n a d e n o s i n e a r e r e l e a s e d from n o n - n e u r a l cells t h e n t h e m e c h a n i s m of release is n o t k n o w n . A T P is c e r t a i n l y s t o r e d w i t h o t h e r t r a n s m i t t e r s s u c h as n o r a d r e n a l i n e , a c e t y l c h o l i n e a n d 5 - H T .

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