Advanced Graphics on Vga and Xga Cards Using Borland C++ by Ian O. Angell

By Ian O. Angell

This publication exploits the mixed benefits of an object-orientated method of programming, the consumer pleasant setting of Borland C++, and the top of the range special effects possible with VGA and XGA photo adapters operating on IBM PS/2 (and appropriate) machines. issues comparable to modelling and transformation of items, hidden floor elimination, gentle shading, shadows, transparency and reflections are coated. a proof of most of these recommendations, the underlying arithmetic and knowledge constructions is supplied via the authors. This ebook will let readers, even if an consumer built with an appropriate microcomputer, or a scholar taking a complicated useful path in special effects, to obtain massive services during this sector of visible verbal exchange. This publication might be of curiosity to undergraduates and laptop fans attracted to programming.

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A Mercator point (9,cjl) can be projected onto a three-dimensional vector (x, y, z) on a unit sphere by the formulae: x = sin9xcoscjl ; y = sincjl ; z = cos9xcoscjl Unfortunately lines (and of course the edges of polygons) are projected into curves on the globe. But if we move in small steps between Mercator end points of such lines, and projecting each small line segment onto the sphere, then we create a sequence of lines on the globe that approximate to the required curve. These lines can be drawn by ignoring the z-values of the end points, treating them as simple x/y coordinates.

M][1 .. n], it is possible to implement the mathematical interpretations of matrices. We shall see the importance and power of matrices and arrays when we deal with the concept of vertex co-ordinates and facets in the chapters on threedimensional space. ) For Data structures 49 example, a set of three-dimensional vertices can be grouped together, and the x, y and z co-ordinates can be stored as an array of the structure type vector3, v (say), where the vertex I is v[l]. z). However, the use of arrays has drawbacks in certain situations, as in the case where the grouping of data in a double subscripted array is sparse.

These default colours can, of course, be changed, at the beginning in preplt, or at any other time using setcol and/or erase methods. In our Viewport methods we have functions which move between pixels or join them in pairs with a line (movepix or linepix), and we naturally require functions which do the same for points defined in our floating point WINDOW co-ordinate system. 1) do this by changing a floating point co-ordinate pair to its equivalent pixel and then calling either movepix or linepix.

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