Ambrose and John Chrysostom: Clerics between Desert and by J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz

By J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz

J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz compares the personalities and the respective careers of 2 of the best of the early Christian Fathers, Ambrose and John Chrysostom. whereas the statesmanlike Ambrose ended his existence as a pillar of the Western institution, Chrysostom, the outspoken idealist, died in exile. although, their perspectives and beliefs have been remarakably related: either bishops have been concerned about the social function of the Church, either have been decided rivals of what they referred to as the Arian heresy, and every attracted a committed following between his city congregation. This similarity, Liebeschuetz argues, used to be due to not the impact of 1 at the different, yet was once a outcome in their participation in a Christian tradition which spanned the divide among the jap (later Byzantine) and Western components of the Roman Empire. The monastic move figures through the booklet as a big effect on either males and as probably the main dynamic improvement within the Christian tradition of the fourth century.

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61 The Gnostic sects known by the names of their founders, with their systematic mythologies, sharing many features with Judaism, are so close to early Christianity that they were treated by contemporary Christian writers as heretical sects, and by some modern scholars as alternative versions of early Christianity. They date from the second century ad. The Classical Roots of Christian Asceticism 23 Gnosticism began as something of a protest movement, it had ceased to be that when the Gnostic systems were drawn up in the second century ad.

They date from the second century ad. The Classical Roots of Christian Asceticism 23 Gnosticism began as something of a protest movement, it had ceased to be that when the Gnostic systems were drawn up in the second century ad. By this time significant numbers of peoples were receptive to forms of religion that promised salvation through faith combined with asceticism and sexual abstinence. ( II I ) T H E D EV E LO P M E N T O F C H R I S TI A N ASC E T I C I S M62 The reader of this section may well find that the account of the prehistory of the Christian ascetic movement is oversimplified, in that it ignores the tensions and conflicts between different interpretations of what it meant to be a Christian that mark the history of the early, as of the later Church.

These are not necessarily evidence of direct influence. The similar problems in the running of a religious community called for similar rules everywhere. 143 Brown, The Body and Society, 113. 40 Background and Forerunners city of Hermopolis Parva (Damanhur), 65 km south of Alexandria. Some lived alone, others in pairs, others in larger groups. 146 Men and women from all over the Empire came to see and to be edified by the hermits and monks of Egypt. So Hilarion, a student at Alexandria, went out into the desert to visit Antony.

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